If you’ve ever made a bad hire, you’ll know the cost can be exorbitant.
The U.S. Department of Labor estimates the cost of a bad hire to be in excess of 30% of the person’s annual salary. You have to factor in not only the total compensation, but also hiring costs, eventual severance pay, and other factors like legal fees.
And for such a critical role as an SEO practitioner, the stakes run even higher. A careless SEO mistake or misstep can result in a Google penalty, and that can take many months to recover from — assuming a full recovery is even possible.
Have you ever been rattled by the fact that you’re hiring an expensive expert and you have little way of testing their actual expertise? At what point does a great interview answer translate into a great investment in an employee?
It’s a problem employers have even with positions they have mastered and understand. When you throw in SEO — a complex topic that the hiring manager probably has little experience with — it becomes terribly difficult.
Whether or not you’ve hired an SEO employee, contractor, or agency before, a more optimized process for recruiting, selecting, and onboarding SEO practitioners will benefit you greatly. And I just so happen to have such a process for you!
1. Get The Garden To Weed Itself Within The Job Posting
Former Van Halen front man David Lee Roth’s “no brown M&M’s clause” has become famous throughout music history as a subtle but genius test of an employee’s attention to detail. Simply, he had a clause buried deep within his contract that obligated promoters to provide a bowl of M&M’s backstage with all of the brown M&M’s removed. Many thought this was nothing more than rockstar prima donna attitude.
However, Roth had a secret motive. He knew that if he went on into the dressing room and there were brown M&M’s in the bowl, there was a serious chance that the promoter did not read the whole contract, and thus probably did not read all of the lighting clauses — at the time, Van Halen had one of the most complicated lighting setups of any live show in the country. This would prompt him to do an additional safety check. A lot of the time, he found serious setup problems.
The job posting is your opportunity for you to allow the garden to weed itself. As Roth did, you can set up deliberate hurdles for your applicants to jump over; if they do not accomplish them, it is an immediate red flag, and you can separate good candidates from bad, without even reading their resume.
Just as it is for David Lee Roth’s promoter, attention to detail is incredibly important in SEO. However, instead of a light falling, your company’s Google traffic could fall off.
Delegate to an assistant or direct report the job of reviewing the applications. He or she should scour over those applications not for content, but first for typos and grammatical errors. Lack of attention to detail in the application process portends even greater lack of attention to detail in the job itself.
An extra handy tip is to include a problem to solve or essay question to answer in the job posting. A riddle is one of my favorites because it demonstrates problem-solving skills and competence.
However, you should definitely make sure it is one that isn’t easily found in Google; you want to measure logic, not skill in copying others’ answers. Think SAT or ACT style questions.
And what if they don’t include it in their application? Then scrap the applicant. Failing to comply with your request shows poor attention to detail and blatant disregard for following your explicit instructions. Sure, I receive fewer applications this way, but the signal-to-noise raise is way higher.
2. Request Their Social Media Profiles
I’ve found this to be a great and quick indicator of credibility. However, you can’t just casually browse at their social media profiles, you need to dig deep. Look back at least a year in their history. They may be putting up a good front now, but what about a year or two ago when they weren’t actively job hunting?
3. Use A/B Testing For Your Job Postings
If you’re a marketer, you know A/B split testing. You love it. You’re a master of it. When you think about it, job postings are remarkably similar to PPC ads — optimize who you are attracting with various copy and image changes.
So why not run some tests on your job posting and watch the resulting kind of applicants you receive? Try including the salary range then not including it. Test the job title/headline especially. I found in my testing, for example, that the term “geeky” in the title attracted much more qualified candidates than the term “wicked smart.”
4. Use Trick Questions In The First Interview
Trick questions aren’t posed in an effort to trick the good candidate. They are instead designed to trick the person feigning up-to-date knowledge about good SEO. Here are a few great examples:
“What’s your process for optimizing meta keywords?”
The only answer should be: Why do you ask? Meta keywords have no value to Google and never have been of value. Google went on record to say this on its Google Webmaster Central blog back in 2009.
“What’s a good keyword density to aim for?”
Short answer is that keyword density is irrelevant. Keyword density is a worthless metric and a total red herring. The only time one might consider caring about keyword density is for edge cases — like when there are an insanely large number of occurrences (i.e., keyword stuffing) or when there are no occurrences at all.
“How much will meta descriptions help my rankings?”
Absolutely zero. If the candidate mentions their value in influencing what’s displayed in the snippets of your Google listings, that is fine, but it doesn’t answer the question. The only answer is zero. And thus, working on meta descriptions is a second order activity that is of lesser importance compared to optimizing title tags.
“What’s the difference between Panda and Penguin?”
Google’s Panda algorithm is about “thin” or low-quality content; Google Penguin is about low-quality links. If the candidate doesn’t answer the question succinctly like this, simply probe some more. Ask a more specific question like, “And which one deals with links?”
5. Ask Specific Questions That Can Prove Expertise
One of my go-to questions to ask is about their favorite SEO tools. If they don’t know any of the primary metrics of their supposedly favorite tools (e.g., Page Authority, Domain Authority, mozRank and mozTrust for Moz’s Open Site Explorer), they are not a real SEO. They may be able to spout off theoretical best practices, but SEO is also about “boots on the ground” — measuring, testing, reacting and dealing with changing practices over time.
One candidate mentioned he was a big user of Majestic SEO, so I asked him to name the tool’s primary metric. He answered ACRank. Wrong answer. That metric was phased out literally years ago and replaced with two vastly superior metrics: Citation Flow and Trust Flow.
6. The Second Interview — Bring In An Expert
For the second interview, it is best to bring in someone who can really judge the candidate for ability. This could be an SEO consultant you’ve been working with, or perhaps a colleague in the industry. An expert can grill them more adeptly on best practices, algorithm updates, and recent advances.
On a second interview that one of my clients invited me to attend, I asked the candidate for the name of the recent Google local search update, and he didn’t know (it’s Pigeon), even though in the same interview he named Search Engine Land as one of his top go-to sources for SEO information that he reads religiously. Something didn’t add up.
I sat in on another second interview for another client with an applicant who had passed the first interview with flying colors. However, in this interview, I asked him about his recent SEO successes.
He proceeded to regale us with a story of how he manipulated Google’s autocomplete suggestions using sock puppets and proxies to make fake search queries. And he made no reference to the practice being blackhat. Or even greyhat. My clients cannot afford the risk of operating outside of Google’s Guidelines and the potential repercussions.
7. Confirm The Fit During The Trial Period
Once you find that perfect candidate — someone who can bring fantastic value to your company and with whom you can build a great, long-term working relationship — bring them on board but make the first several months a trial period. Why give a trial run? It is the final test; it allows you to see how they perform in real life.
For the trial term, give the candidate a very clear, well-defined set of duties and projects to complete. Then, link up their job duties with their highest personal values. If you make their job align with what they value most, they’ll have a far greater likelihood of being internally motivated and fully engaged. According to Gallup, 70% of U.S. workers are unengaged. That’s a scary statistic.
I use the inimitable Dr. John Demartini’s Value Determination test. It is a 15-minute questionnaire that prompts the candidate to specify their three most important values across 13 different areas. Then at the end, the candidate simply tallies up his/her most frequent responses and ranks them in order of frequency to find their highest values. You can sit down and spend two or three hours to brainstorm how the job duties align with the candidate’s top three to five values.
For example, if one of their job duties will be to do YouTube audits, and the person’s top priority is their kids, you could help them to see that sharpening their YouTube auditing skills could further their relationship with the kids in dozens of ways such as: setting up their kids’ YouTube channels and building up views to their videos, potential for raises that could be used as an overseas vacation fund, potential for more vacation time, more job security, and so forth.
I promise the time you invest in linking up the job duties with the candidate’s values will be well worth the improved performance and loyalty you’ll see from them.
Follow these seven tips to avoid nasty, expensive surprises from hiring the wrong person for your SEO job. Hopefully, you’ll find you’ve made a smart investment in new SEO talent that will pay off for years to come. Incidentally, a lot of this process can be used to screen SEO contractors and agencies, too.
Opinions expressed in this article are those of the guest author and not necessarily Search Engine Land. Staff authors are listed here.